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Helmut Eschrig

02.07.1942 - 22.02.2012



  • Diplom-Physiker (1969, TU Dresden)
  • Dr. rer. nat. (1972, TU Dresden)
  • Dr. rer. nat. habil. (1992, TU Dresden)


Positions held


  • 1970 - 1975 scientific assistent, Institute of Theoretical Physics, TU Dresden
  • 1975 -1990 staff scientist, Central Institute for Solid State Physics and Materials Sciences Dresden
  • 1990 - 1992 Deputy of the Director of the Central Institute for Solid State Physics and Materials Sciences Dresden and Founder Director of the Institute for Solid State and Materials Research Dresden
  • 1992 - 1997 Head of the Max-Planck-Research-Unit "Theory of complex and correlated electron systems" at TU Dresden and full professor for Theoretical Solid State Physics at the TU Dresden
  • 1998 -2008 Scientific Director of the Institute for Solid State and Materials Research Dresden and full professor for Solid State Physics, Institute of Theoretical Physics, Dresden University of Technology, 
    Rede zum Amtswechsel, 04.04.2008
  • 2004-2009 Director of the Institute for Theoretical Solid State Physics in the IFW


Research fields


  • fundamentals of density functional theory, development of the related approximations and numerical methods
  • interrelations between density functional and model theories
  • model theories of electronic structure and superconductivity
  • density functional calculations
  • theory of magnetism


Lecture notes






3 books, 7 contributions to books, more than 200 articles in refereed journals, more than 3000 times cited.

Selected list

H. Eschrig and I. Bergert, Optimized LCAO Version for Band-Structure Calculations - Application to Copper, phys. stat. sol. (b) 90, 621-628 (1978).

W. Bieger, G. Seifert, H. Eschrig and G. Grossmann, LCAO X-Alpha Calculations of Nuclear Magnetic Shielding in Molecules, Chem. Phys. Lett. 115, 275-280 (1985).

G. Seifert and H. Eschrig, LCAO-X-Alpha Calculations of Transition-Metal Clusters, phys. stat. sol. (b) 127, 573-585 (1985).

H. Eschrig, G. Seifert, and P. Ziesche, Current density functional theory of quantum electrodynamics, Solid St. Commun. 56, 777-780 (1985), more than 50 times cited.

G. Seifert, H. Eschrig and W. Bieger, An Approximation Variant of LCAO-X-Alpha Methods, Z. Phys. Chem. (Leipzig) 267, 529-539 (1986), more than 75 times cited.

H. Eschrig, Optimized LCAO method and the electronic structure of extended systems. Akademie-Verlag and Springer, Berlin, 1988, 221 pages, more than 120 times cited.

M. Richter and H. Eschrig, Spin-polarized relativistic LCAO formalism: Fundamentals and first results, Solid St. Commun. 72, 263-265 (1989), more than 50 times cited.

P. Zahn, I. Mertig, M. Richter, and H. Eschrig, Ab initio calculations of the giant magnetoresistance, Phys. Rev. Lett. 75, 2996-2999 (1995), more than 75 times cited.

K. Koepernik, B. Velicky, R. Hayn, and H. Eschrig, Self-consistent LCAO-CPA method for disordered alloys, Phys. Rev. B55, 5717-5729 (1997).

S.V. Halilov, A. Ya. Perlov, P.M. Oppeneer and H. Eschrig, Adiabatic spin dynamics from spin-density-functional theory: Application to Fe, Co and Ni. Phys. Rev. B58, 293-302 (1998), more than 100 times cited.

K. Koepernik, B. Velicky, R. Hayn and H. Eschrig, Analytic properties and accuracy of the generalized Blackman-Esterling-Berk coherent-potential approximation, Phys. Rev. B58, 6944-6962 (1998).

K. Koepernik and H. Eschrig, Full-potential nonorthogonal local-orbital minimum-basis band-structure scheme, Phys. Rev. B59, 1743-1757 (1999), more than 400 times cited.

A. Y. Perlov, S. V. Halilov, and H. Eschrig, Rare earth magnetism and adiabatic magnon spectra, Phys. Rev. B61, 4070-4081 (2000).

H. Eschrig and W. Pickett, Density functional theory of magnetic systems revisited, Solid St. Commun. 118, 123 (2001), more than 50 times cited.

H. Krug, M. Doerr, D. Eckert, H. Eschrig et al., The Dresden High-Magnetic Field Laboratory - Overview and First Results, Physica B 294-295, 605-611 (2001).

H. Eschrig and W. E. Pickett, Density Functional Theory of Magnetic Systems Revisited, Solid St. Commun. 118, 123-127 (2001).

L. Steinbeck, M. Richter and H. Eschrig, Itinerant-Electron Magnetocrystalline Anisotropy Energy of YC05 and Related Compounds, Phys. Rev. B 63, 184431-1-14 (2001).

H. Eschrig, The Fundamentals of Density Functional Theory, Edition am Gutenbergplatz, Leipzig, 2003 (Fisrst edition Teubner, Stuttgart, 1996).

H. Eschrig, K. Koepernik, and I. Chaplygin, Density functional application to strongly correlated systems, JSSC 176, 482 (2003).

J. Haase, F. Steglich, D. Eckert, D. Siegel, H. Eschrig, and K.-H. Mueller, High-field NMR in pulsed magnets, Solid St. Nucl. Mag. Res. 23, 263 (2003).

H. Eschrig, High-T_c superconductors: electronic structure, The Encyclopedia of Materials: Science and Technology (K. H. J. Buschow, R. W. Cahn, M. C. Flemmings, E. J. Kramer, and S. Mahajan, eds.), vol. 7, Elsevier, Amsterdam, 2004, online ed., p.1--10.

H. Eschrig, M. Richter, and I. Opahle, Relativistic solid state calculations, Relativistic Electronic Structure, Part 2. Applications (P. Schwerdtfeger, ed.), Theoretical and Computational Chemistry, vol. 14, Elsevier, 2004, pp. 723--776.

H. Eschrig, The Particle World of Condensed Matter, Edition am Gutenbergplatz, Leipzig, 2005.

H. Eschrig, M. Sargolzaei, K. Koepernik, and M. Richter, Orbital polarization in teh Kohn-Sham-Dirac theory, Europhys. Lett. 72, 611 (2005).

M. Taut, H. Eschrig, and M. Richter, Effective Hamiltonian approach for magnetic band structure and additional oscillations in the magnetization originating from the Fermi surface at finite magnetic fields, Phys. Rev. B72, 165304 (2005), Erratum Phys. Rev. B 72, 165304 (2006).

J. Geck, M. v. Zimmermann, H. Berger, S. V. Borisenko, H. Eschrig, K. Koepernik, M. Knupfer, and B. Büchner, Stripe correlations in Na_0.75CoO_2, Phys. Rev. Lett. 97, 106403 (2006).

M. Sargolzaei, M. Richter, K. Koepernik, I. Opahle and H. Eschrig, Spin and orbital magnetism in full Heusler alloys: A density functional study of Co2YZ (Y=Mn,Fe; Z=Al,Si,Ga,Ge), Phys. Rev. B74, 224410 (2006).

W. E. Pickett and H. Eschrig, Half metals: from formal theory toreal material issues, J. Phys.: Cond. Matt. 19, 315203 (2007).

J. Geck, S. V. Borisenko, H. Berger, H. Eschrig, J. Fink, M. Knupfer, K. Koepernik, A. Koitzsch, A. A. Kordyuk,V. B. Zabolotnyy and B. Büchner, Anomalous quasiparticle renormalization in Na0.73CoO2: Role of interorbital interactions and magnetic correlations, Phys. Rev. Lett. 99, 46403 (2007).

D. Fritsch, K. Koepernik, M. Richter and H. Eschrig, Transition Metal Dimers as Potential Molecular Magnets: A Challenge to Computational Chemistry, J. Comp. Chem. 29, 2210-2219 (2008).

W. Zhang, K. Koepernik, M. Richter and H. Eschrig, Magnetic Phase Transition in CoO Under High Pressure: A Challenge for LSDA+U, Phys. Rev. B 79, 155123-1-9 (2009).

H. Eschrig and K. Koepernik, Tight-Binding Models for the Iron-Based Superconductors, Phys. Rev. B 80, 104503-1-14 (2009).

R. Xiao, D. Fritsch, M. D. Kuzmin, K. Koepernik, Helmut Eschrig, Manuel Richter, K. Vietze and G. Seifert, Co Dimers on Hexagonal Carbon Rings Proposed as Subnanometer Magnetic Storage Bits, Phys. Reb. Lett. 103, 187201-1-4 (2009).

H. Eschrig, A. Lankau and K. Koepernik, Calculated Clevage Behavior and Surface States of LaOFeAs, Phys. Rev. B 81, 155447-1-9 (2010).

H. Eschrig, T>0 Ensemble-State Density Functional Theory via Legendre Transform, Phys. Rev. B 82, 205120-1-9 (see also Physics 3, 99 (2010)).



  • 1983 Max-von-Laue Metal of the Academy of Sciences of GDR
  • 2002 Max-Planck Reseach Award for International Cooperation






  • Deutsche Akademie der Naturforscher Leopoldina (2000-2012)
  • Sächsische Akademie der Wissenschaften zu Leipzig (2000-2012)
  • Scientific Member of the Max-Planck Society and External Member of the Max-Planck Institute for Chemical Physics of Solids (2000-2012)
  • Board of Editors, European Journal of Physics B (2007-2012)
  • Scientific Advisory Board, MPI für Mikrostrukturphysik, Halle (chairman, 1996-2009)
  • Committee of the Karl Heinz Beckurts Foundation (2000-2012)
  • Jury of the award "Wissenschaftspreis des Stifterverbands für die Deutsche Wissenschaft" (2002-2010)
  • Kuratorium "Welt der Physik" (German Physical Society, 2004-2010)
  • Board of Editors, Solid State Communications (1992-2005)
  • Scientific Advisory Board, IFF in the Julich Research Center (1999-2005)
  • Scientific Advisory Board, MPI für Physik komplexer Systeme, Dresden (1996-2004)
  • Wissenschaftsrat (Bundesrepublik Deutschland, 1994-2000)
  • Scientific Advisory Board, Hygienemuseum Dresden (1992-1998)
  • Scientific Advisory Board, IFW Dresden (1992-1995)
  • Senatsausschuss für Sonderforschungsbereiche, DFG (1991-1994)
  • Vorstandsrat, DPG (1991-1994)

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