Carrier gas hot extraction


National and international interlab-tests and certification of RFM.
W. Gruner.
Oxygen. Inorganic Compound Determination, in Encyclopedia of analytical science, ed. A.Townshend et al., Academic Press, London, 1995, Volume 6, 3675-3679.

For example:

W. Gruner, J. Hassler, P. Barth, J. Behm, J. Sunderkötter.
The precise determination of nitrogen in boron nitride, J Eur Ceram Soc 29 (2009) 2029-2035.

P.V. Krasovskii, W. Gruner, K.V. Grigorovitch.
Comparative study of oxide speciation in steel by inert gas fusion technique, Steel Research Int 77 (2006) 64-72.

W. Gruner, S. Stolle, K. Wetzig.
Formation of COx species during carbothermal reduction of oxides of Zr, Si, Ti, Cr, W, and Mo, Int J Refract Met Hard Mater 18 (2000) 137-145.

W. Gruner.
Determination of oxygen in oxides by carrier gas hot extraction analysis with simultaneous COx detection, Fres J AnalChem 365 (1999) 597-603.

W. Gruner, E. Grallath.
Improvements in the combustion method for the determination of low carbon contents in steel, Steel Research 66 (1995) 455-457

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Non-metal analysis (C,O,N,S)

Department of Chemistry of Functional Materials

Contact: Dr. Margitta Uhlemann


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